Solve the proportion x over x plus 1 equals 4 over x plus 4. What is the value(s) of x?

1 Answer
Aug 8, 2017

Answer:

See a solution process below:

Explanation:

We can write this proportion as:

#x/(x + 1) = 4/(x + 4)#

Next, we can do cross product or cross multiply the equation:

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#x(x + 4) = 4(x + 1)#

#x^2 + 4x = 4x + 4#

We can now put this in standard form:

#x^2 + 4x - color(red)(4x) - color(blue)(4) = 4x - color(red)(4x) + 4 - color(blue)(4)#

#x^2 + 0 - color(blue)(4) = 0 + 0#

#x^2 - color(blue)(4) = 0#

Then, the left side of the equation is a difference of squares so we can factor it as:

#(x + 2)(x - 2) = 0#

Now, to find the values of #x# we solve each term on the left side for #0#:

Solution 1

#x + 2 = 0#

#x + 2 - color(red)(2) = 0 - color(red)(2)#

#x + 0 = -2#

#x = -2#

Solution 2

#x - 2 = 0#

#x - 2 + color(red)(2) = 0 + color(red)(2)#

#x - 0 = 2#

#x = 2#

The Solutions Are: #x = -2# and #x = 2#