The gases in a hair spray can are at a temperature of 27 C and a pressure of 30 kPa. If the gases in the can reach a pressure 90 kPa, the can will explode. To what temperature must the gases be raised in order for the can to explode?

Assume constant volume.

1 Answer
May 7, 2017

Answer:

The gases must reach a temperature of 627 °C.

Explanation:

Since the volume is constant but the pressure and temperature are changing, this is an example of Gay-Lussac's Law:

#color(blue)(bar(ul(|color(white)(a/a) p_1/T_1=p_2/T_2color(white)(a/a)|)))" "#

We can rearrange the above formula to get

#T_2 = T_1 × p_2/p_1#

Your data are:

#p_1 = "30 kPa"#
#T_1 = "(27 + 273.15) K" = "300.15 K"#
#p_2 = "90 kPa"#
#T_2 = ?#

#T_2 = "300.15 K" × (90 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("kPa"))))/(30 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("kPa")))) = "900 K" = "627 °C"#

The new temperature is 627 °C.