The temperature of a sample of iron with a mass of 10.0 g changed from 50.4°C to 25.0°C with the release of 114 J of energy. What is the specific heat of iron?
c = 449 J kg⁻¹ K⁻¹
The equation needed to solve this problem is the specific heat capacity equation:
Where the terms are as follows:
- ΔQ is heat energy transferred (in J)
- m is the mass (in kg)
- c is the specific heat capacity (in J kg⁻¹ K⁻¹)
- Δθ is the temperature chance (in K or ºC)
The only unit conversion necessary is for the mass:
To solve for the specific heat rearrange the equation and substitute the values in.
To 3 sig. figs c = 449 J kg⁻¹ K⁻¹