The theory of atomic structure has changed significantly over time. What should happen if a trusted scientific experiment yields results that contradict part of this theory?
Then that part of the theory that was falsified would be modified.
In most treatments of scientific theory, a theory is never regarded as
Should a set of experimental results occur that falsified the theory, then the theory would be modified to accommodate the confounding data. If enough falsifying data emerge, then the theory would be abandoned.