What are contributing factors to dynamic equilibrium?

1 Answer

Equilibrium in chemical reactions is affected by several factors. Since equilibrium is achieved when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse reaction, any factor that can change these rates will affect equilibrium.

One factor that that affects equilibrium is concentration of reactants and products. By increasing or decreasing the concentration of any of the substances involved, the equilibrium position will change.

Another factor that affects dynamic equilibrium is temperature. Depending on if the reaction is exothermic or endothermic, the shift will be toward the reactants or toward the products.

If gases are involved in the reaction, another factor that affects dynamic equilibrium, is pressure.

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