What are the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell?
Here are some major differences b/w prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
Eu mean true
#&#karyon mean nucleus. Hence, eukaryotes are the one which have true nucleus.
Pro mean before
#&#karyon mean nucleus. So, prokaryote mean before or without any true nucleus.
Prokaryotic cells lack membrane-bounded organelles. While eukaryotes have several membrane-bounded organelles I.e Mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, peroxisomes, lysosomes etc.
All prokaryotic cells have peptidoglycan cell wall. Some eukaryotee e.g plant & fungi contain cell wall. Plants contain cellulose cell wall
#&#fungi contain chitin cell wall.
Prokaryotes have smaller ribosome of
#"70 Svedberg"#while eukaryotes have a larger one #"80 Svedberg"#.
In prokaryotes, site for both transcription & translation is cytoplasm(as they don't have nucleus). But in eukaryotes, transcription take place within nucleus and translation within cytoplasm.
In prokaryotes, all the steps of cellular respiration takes place within cytosol. In eukaryotes: glycolysis takes place within cytosol, Krebs cycle within mitochondrial matrix &
#"ETC"#within inner mitochondrial membrane.
Prokaryotic cells have large single chromosome which is wrapped up in a circular shape. Eukaryotee cells contain several pairs of chromosomes.
Hope it helps!