What did Jim Crow laws mandate?
Jim Crow laws are famous for introducing segregation in the South i.e the former Confederate states. The Plessy versus Ferguson Supreme Court decision in 1896 declared them constitutional with the "separate but equal" status for African American in railroad cars.
Jim Crow is the name of a stage character played by White actor Thomas D.Rice to mock African Americans.
These laws put an end to the civil rights acquired during the Reocnstruction Era(1865-1877) and were not challenged before the Civil Rights movement of the fifties and the sixties and the Brown vs Board of Education Supreme Court decision in 1954 which was followed by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Acts of 1965 and 1968.