What does chlorine + potassium yield?
The balanced chemical equation that describes this synthesis reaction looks like this
#2"K"_ ((s)) + "Cl"_ (2(g)) -> 2"KCl"_ ((s))#
Another way to picture this reaction is to think about it as being a redox reaction.
Here potassium metal is being oxidized by chlorine gas to potassium cations. In the process, chlorine gas is being reduced to chloride anions. The potassium actions and the chloride anions will then combine to produce potassium chloride.
#2stackrel(color(blue)(0))("K")_ ((aq)) + stackrel(color(blue)(0))("Cl")_ (2(g)) -> 2 stackrel(color(blue)(+1))("K") stackrel(color(blue)(-1))("Cl")_ ((s))#
Notice that the oxidation state of potassium goes from
On the other hand, the oxidation state of chlorine goes from