What is an example of an ion?

Jun 3, 2018

$N {a}^{+}$, $F {e}^{2 +}$, $M {g}^{2 +}$, $F {e}^{3 +}$, $C {a}^{2 +}$, ${P}^{3 -}$...

Explanation:

Metals are REDUCING, electron-rich materials, and typically LOSE electrons to form cations...…

$M + \Delta \rightarrow {M}^{2 +} + 2 {e}^{-}$

On the other hand, non-metals, the which are located on the right hand side of the Periodic Table as we face it ... are ELECTRON-POOR, i.e. OXIDIZING materials, and typically gain electrons, cf.

$\frac{1}{2} {F}_{2} \left(g\right) + {e}^{-} \rightarrow {F}^{-}$

$\frac{1}{2} {O}_{2} \left(g\right) + 2 {e}^{-} \rightarrow {O}^{2 -}$