What is biogeography?

1 Answer
Jan 12, 2017

Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geographic time.


Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude , elevation , isolation and habitat area. Knowledge of spatial variation in the number of types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors.

Thus biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry and unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology and physical geography.

The short term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describes the ecological applications of biogeography.

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