What is diference between sodium chlorate (I) and sodium chlorate (V)?

1 Answer
Sep 2, 2017

Answer:

Well #"sodium chlorate(I)"# is the old sodium hypochlorite, #NaOCl#.

Explanation:

And #"sodium chlorate(V)"# is the old sodium chlorate, #NaClO_3#.

#ClO_4^-#; i.e. #Cl(+VII)#, #"perchlorate."#

#ClO_3^-#; i.e. #Cl(+V)#, #"chlorate."#

#ClO_2^-#; i.e. #Cl(+III)#, #"chlorite."#

#ClO^-#; i.e. #Cl(+I)#, #"hypochlorite."#

#Cl^-#; i.e. #Cl(-I)#, #"chloride."#

And these are the salts of the chlorine oxyacids.......#"perchloric acid"#, #HClO_4#, .......#"chloric acid"#, #HClO_3#, #HO_2Cl#, #"chlorous acid"#, #HOCl#, #"hypochlorous acid"#. Confused yet? You do not have to know these names at A level, or even as a first year undergrad. You should know how the oxidation noombers are assigned. Do you?