What is NATO? Why NATO is important to the United States?

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You are perfectly right in asking this, today, very relevant question.

Explanation:

The acronym NATO means "North Atlantic Treaty Organization". The alliance was formed in 1949 as a defence bulwark on the Western side of the Iron Curtain.

Most non-communist nations around the North Atlantic (from Island to Canada, to Spain and Portugal....) adhered sooner or later to NATO as the Soviet Union represented at the time (we are speaking of the '50s and of McCarthysm) a real threat for the world peace.
It was, and still is, a non-aggressive, defensive-only alliance. Though there have been exceptions.

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NATO (together with SEATO, NATO'S South East Asian equivalent) was of the greatest importance to the United States as it gave it full freedom to develop unconstrained military power and become for over half a century the "benevolent" world's policeman.

Other nations did benefit from the scheme. Iceland for example never recruited an army as it felt fully protected by the NATO, DEW line cover. Other European nations could afford low military budgets for the same reasons.

The advantage for the United States was the automatic acquisition of the World Leader role. Such condition permitted American industries to impose their norms and tastes. American culture became ubiquitous and inescapable.

For a number of years, Americans were the only ones to have aircraft carriers within their fleets. They, and only they, had the Atom and the Hydrogen bomb within the Alliance until de Gaulle decided (against their very strong advice) to build one. The UK had built a few but out of American technology.

Such military presence is obviously very costly. But costs should not conceal the hidden advantages. Military prowess implies a dominant position; a worldwide distribution of bases, an unavoidable and weighty opinion in all world matters (from Israel to Bosnia to the Sprattley islands).

If the US decides to renounce such domineering position, there will be others wiling to replace them on the spot.

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Oct 16, 2017

Answer:

NATO stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, and was created in 1949 after the Berlin Blockade failed.

Explanation:

NATO is important to the US because it helped to secure Europe and North America during the Cold War, it was an alliance based on the concept that an attack on one, is an attack on all which meant if one nation was attack (presumably by the USSR) then it'd count as an attack on all the members and war would occur.

The US saw it as a defensive alliance during the Cold War, but the USSR/Stalin saw it as an aggressive alliance against the USSR, and was frightened by the thought of war. Especially the US due to them having the atomic bomb.
The Soviet Union in 1955 created the Warsaw Pact, where all of the countries behind the Iron Curtain joined, and was in direct response to West Germany joining that year due to his paranoia at an 'enemy on the doorstep'.

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