## Mary lightly dusted the shelf. He sang very loudly. I like green dresses. Those wonderful Gleasons are coming. The ice cream was eaten too quickly.

Apr 27, 2016

Mary $\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{lightly ") underline("dusted}}$ the shelf.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(blue)("lightly}}$ is an adverb modifying/describing the verb $\underline{\text{dusted}}$.

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He $\underline{\text{sang")" " color(blue)("very "underline"loudly}}$.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(blue)("loudly}}$ is an adverb modifying the verb $\underline{\text{sang}}$.

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(blue)("very}}$ is an adverb modifying the adverb $\underline{\text{loudly}}$.

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I like $\textcolor{red}{\text{green")" "underline("dresses}}$.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(red)("green}}$ is an adjective modifying the noun $\underline{\text{dresses}}$.

Those $\textcolor{red}{\text{wonderful")" "underline("Gleasons}}$ are coming.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(red)("wonderful}}$ is an adjective modifying the (proper) noun $\underline{\text{Gleasons}}$.

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The $\textcolor{red}{\text{ice")" "underline("cream}}$ $\underline{\text{was eaten")" "underline(color(blue)("too"))" "color(blue)("quickly}}$.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$Note that this first one is debatable. "ice cream" could be regarded as a "compound noun". (This would be my personal preference).
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(red)("ice}}$ could be considered an adjective modifying the noun $\underline{\text{cream}}$.

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(blue)("quickly}}$ is an adverb modifying the verb #underline("was eaten").

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX")color(blue)("too}}$ is an adverb modifying the adjective $\underline{\text{quickly}}$.

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Adverbs are words which describe (or "modify") verbs, or other adverbs, or (although not demonstrated in these examples; see below) adjectives.

Adjectives are words that describe ("modify") nouns.

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$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$Here is an example that includes an adverb ($\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{very}}$) modifying an adjective ($\textcolor{red}{\text{pretty}}$).
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXXXX}}$A $\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{very ")color(red)("pretty}}$ girl sat on the lawn tearing petals off a daisy.