What is the difference between simple past and past participle?

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Alan P. Share
Mar 24, 2016

Answer:

simple past: action completed independent of other events.

past participle: verb terse (usually combined with with some form of "have" or "be") indicating completion of event prior to some other event (or or the present).

Explanation:

#color(white)("XXXXXX")#Example:

Simple Past
#color(white)("XXX")#Joe ate the entire cake by himself.

Past Participle
#color(white)("XXX")#(in perfect forms)
#color(white)("XXX")#Joe had eaten then entire cake before Alice arrived.
#color(white)("XXXXxX")#Joe's eating of the cake occurred before the time (in the past) when Alice arrived.

#color(white)("XXX")#Joe has eaten the entire cake!
#color(white)("XXXXX")#At this point in time, Joe has finished eating the cake.

#color(white)("XXX")#Joe will have eaten the entire cake before Alice arrives.
#color(white)("XXXXXX")#Before the future event of Alice's arrival, Joe will have finished eating the cake.

#color(white)("XXX")#(in passive form)
#color(white)("XXX")#The cake was eaten before Alice arrived.

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