# What is the difference between simple past and past participle?

##### 1 Answer
Mar 24, 2016

simple past: action completed independent of other events.

past participle: verb terse (usually combined with with some form of "have" or "be") indicating completion of event prior to some other event (or or the present).

#### Explanation:

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXXXXX}}$Example:

Simple Past
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$Joe ate the entire cake by himself.

Past Participle
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$(in perfect forms)
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$Joe had eaten then entire cake before Alice arrived.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXXXxX}}$Joe's eating of the cake occurred before the time (in the past) when Alice arrived.

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$Joe has eaten the entire cake!
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXXXX}}$At this point in time, Joe has finished eating the cake.

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$Joe will have eaten the entire cake before Alice arrives.
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXXXXX}}$Before the future event of Alice's arrival, Joe will have finished eating the cake.

$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$(in passive form)
$\textcolor{w h i t e}{\text{XXX}}$The cake was eaten before Alice arrived.