What is the formula mass for #C_6H_12O_6#?
atomic weight of element
First, you want to have a periodic table available so you can determine the atomic weight of C, H, and O:
- C has an atomic weight of 12.01 g/mol
- H has an atomic weight of 1.008 g/mol
- O has an atomic weight of 16.00 g/mol
From the chemical formula, we have 6 carbon atoms. Therefore, the atomic mass has to be multiplied by 6 to obtain an atomic weight of 72.06 g/mol.
There are 12 hydrogen atoms, so the atomic mass has to be multiplied by 12, which gives you a value of 12.096 g/mol
Next, you have 6 oxygen atoms, so you would multiply the atomic mass of O by 6 to obtain an atomic weight of 96.00 g/mol
Now you want to add the mass of each atom together to obtain the formula mass of the entire compound: