# What is the octet rule of nitrogen?

Feb 8, 2014

The octet rule is the understanding that most atoms seek to gain stability in their outer most energy level by filling the s and p orbitals of the highest energy level with eight electrons.

Nitrogen has an electron configuration of $1 {s}^{2} 2 {s}^{2} 2 {p}^{3}$ this means that nitrogen has five valence electrons $2 {s}^{2} 2 {p}^{3}$. Nitrogen seeks out three additional electrons to fill the p orbital and gain the stability of a noble gas, $1 {s}^{2} 2 {s}^{2} 2 {p}^{6}$.

However, now nitrogen has 10 electrons and only 7 protons making it a -3 charge anion ${N}^{- 3}$.