# What is the rate of effusion of #N_2(g)# in relation to that of #Cl_2(g)# under the same conditions?

##### 1 Answer

Well, this could be determined from root-mean-square speeds.

#upsilon_(RMS) = sqrt((3RT)/M)# ,

where

Taking the ratio of

#upsilon_(RMS,N_2)/(upsilon_(RMS,Cl_2)) = (sqrt(cancel(3RT)/M_(N_2)))/(sqrt(cancel(3RT)/M_(Cl_2))) prop r_(N_2)/(r_(Cl_2))# where

#r_i# is the rate of effusion of gas#i# .

Thus:

#r_(N_2)/(r_(Cl_2)) = sqrt(M_(Cl_2)/(M_(N_2)))#

or, more generally,

#bb(r_(A)/(r_(B)) = sqrt(M_(B)/(M_(A))))#

In this equation, it does not matter what units of molar mass you use, as long as they are the same on the righthand side numerator as in the denominator.

Thus, the rate of effusion of

#color(blue)(r_(N_2)/(r_(Cl_2))) = sqrt((35.453*2)/(14.007*2))#

#= color(blue)(1.59)#

So, gaseous nitrogen molecule effuses about 1.59 times as quickly as gaseous chlorine molecule. This should make sense because nitrogen is lighter.