# What is the role of ATP synthase?

Aug 28, 2015

ATP synthase is a membrane protein which converts the proton gradient across membrane into energy storing molecule ATP, important for biological purposes.

#### Explanation:

I have explained what ATP synthase is now waht is the structure of ATP synthase is as follows

there is a rotor trans-membrane part in the protein ${F}_{0}$ which is attached to ${F}_{1}$ through a shaft/stalk. there is an anchor protein which connects ${F}_{1}$ to membrane.

working of ATP synthase

where the rotor mechanism also called ${F}_{0}$ is the one which allows proton to pass across the membrane. As proton goes in ${F}_{0}$, ${F}_{0}$ rotates holding proton in the pockets assigned to proton.

now as the ${F}_{0}$ moves the shafts/stalk also moves which help the ${F}_{1}$ to convert the ADP and Phosphate group to combine and convert into ATP.

the link below is a good one which describes what ATP synthase does and its structure.