# What is the slope of the line normal to the tangent line of #f(x) = cscx+sin(2x-(3pi)/8) # at # x= (11pi)/8 #?

##### 1 Answer

#### Explanation:

First, find the derivative of

#f'(x) = d/dx(cscx)+d/dx(sin(2x-(3pi)/8))#

#f'(x) = -cscxcotx + cos(2x-(3pi)/8)*d/dx(2x-(3pi)/8)#

#f'(x) = -cscxcotx + 2cos(2x-(3pi)/8)#

Now we need to plug in

#f'((11pi)/8) = -csc((11pi)/8)cot((11pi)/8)+2cos(2(11pi)/8-(3pi)/8)#

#f'((11pi)/8) = (-1)/(sin((11pi)/8)tan((11pi)/8))+2cos((19pi)/8)#

To evaluate these trig functions, use the half angle rules:

#sin(theta/2)= +-sqrt((1-costheta)/2)#

#cos(theta/2) = +-sqrt((1+costheta)/2)#

#tan(theta/2) = (1-costheta)/sintheta#

Using these rules, we can evaluate these trig functions like this:

#sin((11pi)/8) = -sqrt((1-cos((11pi)/4))/2) = -sqrt((1-cos((3pi)/4))/2) = -sqrt((1+sqrt2/2)/2) = -sqrt((2+sqrt2)/4) = -sqrt(2+sqrt2)/2#

#tan((11pi)/8) = (1-cos((11pi)/4))/sin((11pi)/4) = (1+sqrt2/2)/(sqrt2/2) = 1/(sqrt2/2)+(sqrt2/2)/(sqrt2/2) = sqrt2+1#

#cos((19pi)/8) = cos((3pi)/8) = sqrt((1+cos((3pi)/4))/2) = sqrt((1-sqrt2/2)/2) = sqrt((2-sqrt2)/4) = sqrt(2-sqrt2)/2#

Now we plug these back into our function and simplify.

#f'((11pi)/8) = (-1)/((-sqrt(2+sqrt2)/2)(sqrt2+1))+2(sqrt(2-sqrt2)/2)#

#= 2/((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))+sqrt(2-sqrt2)#

#= 2/((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))+sqrt(2-sqrt2)(((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))/((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1)))#

#= (2+sqrt((2-sqrt2)(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))/((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))#

#= (2+sqrt(2)(sqrt2+1))/((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))#

#= (4 + sqrt2)/((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))#

Finally, since we're looking for the slope of the normal line, we need to flip this fraction and make it negative.

#"norm " = -((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1))/(4+sqrt2)#

And then rationalize the denominator by multiplying by the conjugate.

#= -((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(sqrt2+1)(4-sqrt2))/(16 - 2)#

#= -((sqrt(2+sqrt2))(3sqrt2+2))/14#

*Final Answer*