What new ideas did Mikhail Gorbachev have for the Soviet Union?
Glasnost and Perestroika.
Glasnost stood for political openness and it removed all forms of oppression for example the ubiquitous presence of the police force. It included more people in politics through freedom of expression and more freedom for the media, which permitted the criticism of government officials and news of government corruption. The people came to know about Russia's dark Stalinist past.
Perestroika (restructuring) allowed market forces exist in the Soviet economy. People could now buy and sell for a profit without it being labelled as a crime. Workers could strike for better wages and private individuals were also granted permission to own private businesses. The goal of perestroika was to create a semi- free market system which mirrored that of successful capitalist economies.