What river was essential to the survival of the West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai?

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Feb 9, 2017


The Niger River


The Niger river flows from west to east across West Africa. Then flows south to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Niger River provided a transportation highway for the West African Kingdoms that successively ruled the region. The region in area has dense tropical forest that are difficult to transverse. The River was a means of moving goods and materials for trade.

The Niger River also provided water necessary for the production of crops. The region borders the Sarah Desert on the north. The Niger river provided irrigation and drinking water in the more arid parts of the these empires.

The river was a food source providing fish, and other food to the people of the empires.

Many civilizations had their beginnings along side a river. The NIger was the river for the West African empires of Ghana, Mali and Songhai.

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