What was the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
It was aimed at protecting African Americans an women against discrimination in both society and the workplace.
The Brown vs Board of Education decision declared segregation illegal in public schools. It was not enough to put an end to the Segregationist system. Two Civil Rights Acts were passed in 1957 and 1960, but they had no significant impact.
The 1964 Civil Rights Act is more emblematic since it clearly showed the will of the executive power to get rid of Segregation. It was followed by two Voting Rights Acts in 1965 and 1968, they were aimed at granting African Americans the right to vote, the latter had been violated in most of the South.
The fight against Segregation launched by President Johnson was mostly motivated by the Vietnam War since most of the contingent was made of African Americans.