What was the ultimate result of Mao's radical Communist policies?

1 Answer
Apr 24, 2016

It was a combination of success and failure.


When Mao declared the People's Republic of China on October 1st 1949, he was inheriting control of a country which had suffered continuous and brutal warfare from the 1920's.

Moreover since the beginning of the 19th century China had experienced increasing colonialism, for example The 2 Opium Wars and The Boxer Rebellion. After the setting up of a Republic under Sun Yat Sen in 1912 tension increased between the Nationalists and Communists. This culminated in the massacre of the latter in the 1920;s. Estimates put the death toll at over a million.

Mao with approximately 200,000 followers embarked on the The Great March with less than 10, 000 surviving. With the invasion of Manchuria by the Japanese and their brutal militarism e.g. The Rape of Nanking, conflict not only was civil between the Kuomintang and Communists abut also between the two Chinese factions and the Japanese.