# What would the symbol be for a particle that has 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 10 electrons?

Mar 3, 2017

""_11^23Na^(+1) the symbol for sodium

#### Explanation:

Sodium has an atomic number of 11. The number of protons determines the atomic number. The 11 protons makes an atomic number of 11.

The 11 protons have a charge of +11 while the 10 electrons have a charge of -10. This results in a net charge of +1

$+ 11 + - 10 = + 1$

Sodium ""_11^23Na is the most common isotope of sodium.
The mass of an atom is the sum of the number of protons and neutrons. 11 protons and 12 neutrons results in a total mass of 23

$11 + 12 = 23$

To be totally correct the symbol could be written as ""_11^23Na^(+1)