When methane (#CH_4#) burns in the presence of insufficient oxygen (#O_2#), do the products of the reaction include carbon monoxide(#CO#)?

1 Answer
Jul 22, 2016

Answer:

It can; mind you methane burns pretty cleanly.

Explanation:

Methane is the smallest hydrocarbon, and given sufficient oxygen will combust completely:

#CH_4 + 2O_2 rarr CO_2 + 2H_2O#

Longer chain hydrocarbons, especially diesel fuel, can combust incompletely to give carbon monoxide and particulate carbon:

#C_10H_22 + 14O_2 rarr 8CO_2 + CO + C + 11H_2O#

This is one reason why trucks, which invariably have Diesel engines, tend to have sooty exhausts.

Even in the internal combustion engine, some of the petrol is combusted to give carbon monoxide and soot.