Which element in period 3 exerts the greatest pull from its nucleus on its valence electrons?

1 Answer
Dec 15, 2017

Argon (Ar)


All the elements in period 3 have the same number of orbitals - 3. It doesn't matter how many electrons there are in this 3rd orbital because all the electrons in one element have the same pull toward the nucleus of that element. But as you go from left to right in period 3 (or any period actually), the number of protons increases, which increases the pull of electrons toward the nucleus.

Even as you go down a period the number of electrons increase, but they are all in the same orbital, which doesn't affect the pull toward nucleus; only the number of protons in the nucleus affect the pull of electrons toward nucleus.