Who had become a symbol of the black power movement sweeping the nation by the early 1960s?
Rosa Parks, Malcom X, and Martin Luther King
Rosa Parks inadvertently struck at the heart of the Jim Crow laws, separate but equal, when she sat in a "white only" section of a bus and refused to move when told to. She later related she did not do this as an overt act of protest but simply because she was really tired that day.
Malcom X was a radical leader of black nationalism who espoused violence to gain black rights.
Contrarily, MLK espoused peaceful resistance to gain black rights.