# Why is bromine an electrophile?

Apr 14, 2018

$B {r}_{2} \rightarrow B {r}^{+}$(Electrophile) $+ B {r}^{-}$(stable anion)

Electrophile means Electron loving specie.

#### Explanation:

Bromine molecule undergo heterolytic cleavage to form $B {r}^{+}$ and $B {r}^{-}$ ions.

Here $B {r}^{-}$ ion is stable due to Noble gas configuration, so it does not readily take part in chemical reactions.

Whereas the $B {r}^{+}$ ion is very unstable and to attain stability it takes part in chemical reaction.

Since $B {r}^{+}$ wants to gain electron to attain stability, so it is an
Electrophile (an electron loving specie).