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Spectrophotometry Problems Name ___________________________________ Section____ Date __________________________ 1. Explain how molar absorptivity has units of M-1cm-1. 2. How does the percent transmittance of a solution vary with (a) increasing concentration and (b) increasing path length? 3. The absorbance of an iron thiocyanate solution containing 0.00500 M was reported as 0.4900 at 540 nm. a. Calculate the molar absorptivity, including units, of iron thiocyanate on the assumption that a 1.00 cm cuvette was used. b. What will be the absorbance if the solution is diluted to twice its original volume? c. What will the absorbance be if the diluted solution is placed in a 5.00 cm cuvette? 4. Refer to problem 3. a. What percent of light is transmitted by the original iron thiocyanate solution? b. What concentration of iron thiocyanate will absorb 50% of the entering light? 5. The concentration of yeast t-RNA in an aqueous solution is 10.00 μg/mL. The absorbance is found to be 0.209 when this solution is placed in a 1.00 cm cuvette and 258 nm radiation is passed through it. a. Calculate the molar absorptivity, including units, of yeast t-RNA. b. What will be the absorbance if the solution is diluted to 5.00 μg/mL? c. What will be the absorbance if the path length of the original solution is increased to 5.00 cm? 6. Use graph paper to plot the following data, and then determine the molar absorptivity of this solution. Concentration (g/mL) × 10-5 Absorbance 44.18 0.4134 35.42 0.3251 21.81 0.2027 8.79 0.0820 5.32 0.0491 3.51 0.0315