Why is the ideal gas constant important?

Mar 19, 2018

See Below

Explanation:

It is only important if you want to relate the pressure or the volume or the moles or the temperature of a gas to any of the other values. It is a proportionality constant for the ration of $\frac{P V}{n T}$,where P is pressure, V is volume, n is moles of the gas, and T is the temperature in Kelvin.

If you happen to use newtons as your pressure and ${m}^{3}$ as your volume, then your gas constant (the relation of $\frac{P V}{n T}$) will be 8.314 J/molK. If, however, you like pressures in atmospheres and volumes in Liters, well then your gas constant is going to be 0.0821 Latm/molK.

Either way, using the ideal gas law equation, $P V = n R T$,
R is simply the ratio of the pressure and volume to the moles of gas and temperature.

$R = \frac{P V}{n T}$

Don't know if that explains why it is important, but it at least explains a few things about the gas constant.