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The roots of the word contradict are the Latin words contra, "against" and dict- "speak." So the roots of the word contradict put together mean "speak against." The English word contradict means "to assert the contrary or opposite of; deny directly and categorically," (According to Dictionary.com), so its meaning is similar to the meaning of its roots.
Con is actually not the real prefix. Con is a different prefix from contra, and means "together" or "with," derived from the totally different Latin word cum, which means "with" (over the millennia cum turned to com and con). Think words like conjoin and compact.
What is the meaning of the prefix in the word contradict?