Respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are often the result of air pollution. Some immediate effects include difficulty in breathing coughing, asthma attacks, and worsening of existing respiratory diseases.
Some pollutants (particularly PAHs, dioxins and furans) can cause cancer.
a. tropospheric ozone causes damage to agricultural and native vegetation
b. acid rain - high levels of sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides lowers the pH of wet and dry deposition from the atmosphere.
c. climate - particulate matter can either absorb or scatter short and long wavelengths. PM can also influence precipitation through increasing number of condensation nuclei.
d. Ozone (stratospheric) hole which is caused by CFCs
a. Declining health of humans means low productivity. It affects delivery of goods and services.
b. Since air pollution affects vegetation, food production is unstable.