Money market and the equilibrium nominal interest rate
Key Questions

Answer:
The rate of interest at which a sum actually grows if compounding occurs more than once a year.
Explanation:
You deposit a sum of money in a bank that pays 8% interest a year, compounded yearly. (Those were the goodold days for depositors).
I deposit my money in another bank that pays 8% a year, but it is compounded every 3 months  quarterly. So, at the end of every 3 months the bank gives me interest. At the end of the year, who will have the most money in their account?
I will because at the end of the first 3 months I receive interest and then at the end of the next 3 months I will receive interest on my original deposit plus interest on the interest I have already earned...and so on for the year.
We can use a simple formula to calculate the actual or effective interest rate that I received.
#(1 + (m/n)^n)  1# Where
M = the yearly or nominal rate  8% in this case.
N = the number of times a year compounding occurs.My effective rate is
#(1 + (.08)/4)^4  1)# 8.24% and yours was 8% (we could prove this using the formula).