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Long-enduring depression, especially if it is stress or trauma related and left untreated or does not respond to treatment, can have major effects on the entire body, both physically and emotionally.

Homeostasis (maintaining of a constant internal environment despite external changes) can be severely affected by depression.
Constant low moods and feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness can lead to disturbances in metabolism, weight issues, etc.

If the symptoms remain untreated and the situation does not improve, it can lead to additional disorders as well like PTED (post traumatic embitterment disorder), MDD (major depressive disorder), GAD (generalized anxiety disorder), CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome), metabolic syndrome (syndrome X), fibromyalgia, hypertension, etc.
These can in turn lead to physical effects like lethargy, lowered reaction times, breathlessness, sweating, heart beat irregularities, headaches, GIT problems (gastro-intestinal tract), weight issues, muscle and joint pains, etc.


Yes and no. It depends on the situation.


Psychosis is a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality. There are many known causes of it. Psychosis can be induced either socially (environmental factors), abuse of drugs, and genetically. You can refer here for an explanation of its causes.

So generally, there is no cure and it is permanent. But in some cases where psychosis develops from outside conditions (socially caused), and those situations can be addressed, the victim (together with a professional psychiatrist) can then control their unusual behaviour along with some medications (which can inhibit some of the symptoms).

Hope this helps! :-)


Marijuana is a fascinating drug, because it's effects varies from one person to another, it has effects that falls under 3 drug categories(Depressant, Narcotics, Hallucinogen)


As a Depressant, it can put a person in a parasympathetic nervous system state or a resting state, characterized by shallow breathing, dilated pupils, increased appetite and slower reaction time, behaviors usually observed upon people, who are resting or relaxed. This improves appetite in people with HIV/AIDS.

As a Narcotic, it can inhibit or prevents the feeling of pain, it can treat chronic pain and muscle spasms in people, who had experience major accidents or Epilepsy.

As a Hallucinogen, it can produce illusions/mental images. People report using hallucinogenic drugs for more social or recreational purposes, including to have fun, help them deal with stress, or enable them to enter into what they perceive as a more enlightened sense of thinking or being. Hallucinogens have also been investigated as therapeutic agents to treat diseases associated with perceptual distortions, such as schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, and dementia.

Marijuana, has different varieties, each variety has different major effects, upon the body. And how the body respond to Marijuana differ from one person to another. That's why we have different classifications for Pot-smokers.


Human sexuality turns out to be quite complex and has a strong biological component to it, as well as cultural.


Much has been learned about human sexuality over the past 50 years. Four components are often identified in determining your sexuality: 1) whether you have male or female genitals; 2) who you are attracted to sexually (i.e. males or females); 3) how you "feel" internally (i.e whether you feel like a male or female), and 4) your outward expression of your sexuality (e.g. how you dress, behave, etc). The last 3 at least can have some culturally derived components too.

In most people, if they are female, for example, they have female genitals, are attracted to males, feel and think female in their brains, and outwardly will dress and behave as females in however their culture defines female dress.

But we now know that there are various combinations of these four that manifest in various kinds of gay and transgender people. For example, a transgender male with male genitals might internally feel like a female, be attracted to males sexually, and outwardly want to dress like a woman or perhaps even a man.

So, the way we think and our sexual drive is partially determined by our biology, but also seems to have a cultural component to it as well.


When the figure of attachment isn't there, the person attached starts feeling distressed.


The attachment theory was first introduced by John Bowlby in 1958. The theory describes interpersonal relationships between humans, but mainly focuses on infants' needs to be physically close to at least one primary caregiver.

Bowlby presented the main concepts of the theory, which were:

  1. Infants seek proximity to attachment figures (usually the parents) because these would protect them if they were to face any dangers.

  2. Proximity-seeking behaviours developed over the course of evolution because as mentioned previously, being close to one's parents provides security for the infant.

  3. This attachment system is the most important during the early years of one's life, however, attachment is also vital later in life, especially during the adolescent years. A lack of attachment can often lead to the development of a range of neurological disorders.

Bowlby also described what it takes for a person to become attached to another person.

  1. The figure of attachment is there in times of need.
  2. The figure of attachment provides a physical and emotional "safe haven". This means that the person attached feels secure and comfortable when in the presence of their partner.
  3. The figure of attachment provides a safe environment for a person to learn, explore, to develop their personality and to accomplish their goals.

When the above points are met, the partner then becomes a source of attachment.

The consequence of meeting the points listed above is that when one becomes attached to another person, he or she inevitably becomes dependent on them, too. This means that in times of separation from the figure of attachment, he or she tends to feel distressed.

Attachment figures tend to promote positive views about self and the world. However, when the figure of attachment is unavailable or begins to fail to meet one's expectations, the person attached might form negative representations of self and others. (low self-esteem and a pessimistic view of the world)

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