35.0 grams of thionyl chloride is placed in a glass containing 500.0 grams of water. After the reaction is complete how many grams of water will remain unreacted? How many grams of the thionyl chloride will remain unreacted?
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Thionyl chloride reacts quantitatively (and violently) with water as represented by the following reaction:
And CLEARLY, thionyl chloride is the reagent in deficiency;