Question #41c9a

1 Answer
Oct 1, 2015

Answer:

The HCl solution has a concentration of #color(blue)("0.1041 mol/L")#.

Explanation:

Borax is a primary standard for acid-base titrations.

The equation for the reaction with #"HCl"# is

#"Na"_2"B"_4"O"_7"·10H"_2"O" + "2HCl" → "4H"_3"BO"_3 + "2NaCl" + "5H"_2"O"#

Let's start by calculating the molarity of the borax solution

#"Moles of borax" = 4.750 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g borax"))) × "1 mol borax"/(381.37 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g borax")))) = "0.012 455 mol borax"#

#"Molarity" = "moles"/"litres" = "0.012 455 mol"/"0.250 L" = "0.04982 mol/L"#

Now we can calculate the moles of #"HCl"# required to neutralize a 25.0 mL aliquot of the borax solution.

#"Moles of HCl" = 0.0250 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L borax"))) × (0.04982 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol borax"))))/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L borax")))) × "2 mol HCl"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mol borax")))) = "0.002 491 mol HCl"#

And finally we can calculate the molarity of the #"HCl"#.

#"Molarity" = "moles"/"litres" = "0.002 491 mol"/"0.023 93 L" = "0.1041 mol/L"#