Question #a4ab2

1 Answer
Oct 28, 2015

Answer:

#pH=12.22#

Explanation:

In aqueous solution, #NH_3# reacts with water according to the following reaction:

#" " " " " " " "NH_3(aq)+H_2O(l)->NH_4^+(aq)+OH^(-)(aq)#
#Initial" " " "15M" " " " " " " " " " " "0M" " " " " "0M#
#"Change" " " " "-x" " " " " " " " " " " "+x" " " " " "+x#
#Equilibrium" "(15-x)M " " " " " " ""+x" " " " " "+x#

The equilibrium constant is written as:
#K_b=([NH_4^+][OH^(-)])/[NH_3]=1.8xx10^(-5)#

Replacing the equilibrium concentrations by their values in the expression of #K_b#:

#K_b=((x)(x))/((15-x))=1.8xx10^(-5)#

since the value of #K_b# value is small, we consider #x"<<"15#

Solving for #x#, #x=1.64xx10^(-2)M#

#x# represents the concentration of #OH^-#.
Using the expression of #K_w=[H^+][OH^-] =1.0xx10^(-14)#
#[H^+]=(K_w)/([OH^-])=(1.0xx10^(-14))/(1.64xx10^(-2))=6.09xx10^(-13)M#

Then, the pH is calculated by:
#pH=-log([H^+])# #=> pH=-log(6.09xx10^(-13))#

#color(blue)(pH=12.22)#