Question #65b15

1 Answer
Feb 21, 2016

Answer:

Hydrogen has a #+1# oxidation state in methane.

Explanation:

I don't know who told you this, but hydrogen does not have an oxidation number of #color(blue)(-1)# in methane, #"CH"_4#.

Oxidation states are assigned by taking into account the difference in electronegativity between the two bonded atoms.

The idea is that in a covalent bond, the more electronegative atom is assumed to "take" the bonding electrons. This will leave that atom with more electrons than it had and the less electronegative atom with less electrons than it had before the bond was formed.

Carbon is actually more electronegative than hydrogen, which means that in a #"C"-"H"# bond, you assign oxidation numbers by assuming that carbon is the one that takes both bonding electrons.

http://www.f.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~fukuyama/interactive_trial/virtual%20textbook/electronegativity/electronegativity.html

Methane has one carbon atom bonded to four hydrogen atoms via single bonds.

https://apchemrev.wikispaces.com/Lewis+Structures

If carbon is to take both bonding electrons from each of those four bonds, it will end up with four extra electrons, which are the electrons the hydrogen atoms were providing to the bond.

This will give carbon a #color(blue)(-4)# oxidation state. Consequently, each hydrogen atom will be one electron short, which means that they will be in a #color(blue)(+1)# oxidation state.