Who caused the Cultural Revolution?

1 Answer
Nov 26, 2016


Mao teachings were that the Communist Party was a priority over all other things. This included family ties. The Cultural Revolution particularly encouraged such behavior. The Gang of Four continued the legacy of the Cultural Revolution.

Mao made vague pronouncements and encouraged the creation of Red Guards. Some of the pronouncements promoted violent behavior. Beatings and killings occurred. Individuals were expected to denounce family members as a matter of course. Much of this was spontaneous.

The Cultural Revolution was created by Mao after the failure of the Great Leap forward. To re-establish his power over the country Mao began the movement that became the Cultural Revolution in 1966. He said that it was over in 1969 but the effects continued after his death.

The newspaper article describes the process.