Question #7be8c

1 Answer
Sep 2, 2017

Answer:

The pressure would be 1029 Torr.

Explanation:

Henry’s law says that the concentration #c# of a gas in a solvent is directly proportional to the partial pressure #p# of the gas above the solvent.

The mathematical expression for Henry’s law is

#color(blue)(bar(ul(|color(white)(a/a)c = k_text(H)pcolor(white)(a/a)|)))" "#

where #k_text(H)# is is a proportionality constant called the Henry's Law constant.

If we have the same solute in the same solvent at two different pressures #p_1# and #p_2#, we can write

#c_1 = k_text(H)p_1#

and

#c_2= k_text(H)p_2#

Dividing the two equations, we get

#c_1/c_2 = (color(red)(cancel(color(black)(k_text(H))))p_1)/(color(red)(cancel(color(black)(k_text(H))))p_2) = p_1/p_2#

#p_2 = p_1 × c_2/c_1#

The volumes of solvent are the same, so we can use the masses of the solute instead of concentrations.

#p_2 = "772.0 Torr" × (0.4960 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g"))))/(0.3720 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g")))) = "1029 Torr"#