Question #c0a10

1 Answer
Aug 21, 2016

Answer:

When the protein shifts from the R-form to the T-form at pH 7.0, the histidine goes from its neutral to its ionic form.

Explanation:

The neutral and the ionic forms of the imidazole side-chain are shown below.

Histidine
(From chem.libretexts.org)

There are three points to remember:

  • If #"pH = p"K_a#, the neutral and ionic forms are present in equal amounts.
  • If #"pH < p"K_a# (i.e. more acidic), the ionic (protonated) form will predominate.
  • If #"pH > p"K_a# (i.e. more basic), the neutral (non-protonated) form will predominate.

For the R-form, #"p"K_a = 6.0#.
∴ The R-form is ionic when pH <6.0 and neutral when pH > 6.0.

For the T-form, #"p"K_a = 8.1#.
∴ The T-form is ionic when pH < 8.1 and neutral when pH > 8.1.

At pH = 7.0, the R-form is neutral, but the T-form is ionic.

This corresponds to Statement 1.

Statement 2 is wrong, because the R-form is neutral at pH 7.0.

Statement 3 is wrong for the same reason.

Statement 4 is wrong, because the T-form is ionic at pH 7.0.

Statement 5 is wrong, for the same reason.