What forces exist between sodium chloride solute particles, and solvent particles in ethanol and water?

2 Answers
Dec 12, 2016

Answer:

What forces.....?

Explanation:

Sodium chloride is next to insoluble in ethanol.

Dec 12, 2016

Answer:

Ion-dipole forces are involved when sodium chloride dissolves in ethanol.

Explanation:

#"NaCl"# is not very soluble in ethanol, but it does dissolve to the extent of 0.65 g of #"NaCl"# per kilogram of ethanol.

The strongest forces in #"NaCl"# are the ion-ion attractions between #"Na"^"+"# and #"Cl"^"-"# ions.

The strongest forces in ethanol are the dipole-dipole forces we call hydrogen bonds.

The strongest forces in a solution of #"NaCl"# in ethanol will be ion-dipole forces.

Just as they do in water, the #"Cl"^"-"# ions are attracted to the partially positive #"H"# atoms in the #"OH"# groups of ethanol.

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The #"Na"^"+"# ions are attracted to the partially negative #"O"# atoms in the ethanol.