Energy is the main ‘fuel’ for social and economic development, and energy-related activities have significant environmental impacts.
All energy is “non-renewable” because the law of thermodynamics says that entropy is always increasing, and energy cannot be created or destroyed – only changed in form. However, in terms of available energy sources on earth we think of any directly solar-derived sources as “renewable”. Included are wave,water, wind, biomass conversion and direct photo-voltaic electrical production. Nuclear power is produced from a fixed supply of raw material that cannot be “renewed”.
How this impacts the economy is explored further in this article:
By Con-struct - BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25474137 and