What is "ammonium chloride"?

Apr 9, 2017

$\text{Ammonium chloride}$ is the salt of $\text{ammonia}$ and $\text{hydrochloric acid}$.

Explanation:

And this follows the stoichiometric equation:

$N {H}_{3} \left(a q\right) + H C l \left(a q\right) \rightarrow N {H}_{4} C l \left(a q\right)$

$\text{Base"+"Acid"rarr"Salt}$

In some literature you see ammonium chloride represented as ${H}_{3} N \cdot H C l$, but the nitrogen in ammonia definitely becomes quaternized on salt formation, i.e. ${H}_{4} {N}^{+} C {l}^{-}$.