# Question #f01f4

Jun 7, 2017

In English it's a lot easier than in Dutch.
(e.g. we have to go from "zwavel" to "sulfaat")

#### Explanation:

You memorize the elements. Then take the central element in the ion, strip off the suffix and add "-ate" or " ite".
So $C$=carbon becomes $C {O}_{3}^{2 -}$ carbonate
and $S i$=silicon becomes $S i {O}_{3}^{2 -}$ silicate

-ate or -ite?
The -ite has one oxigen atom less than the -ate
Sulfate $S {O}_{4}^{2 -}$ vs sulfite $S {O}_{3}^{2 -}$

But:
It can get even worse. See the following line-up:
$C l {O}^{-}$ hypochlorite
$C l {O}_{2}^{-}$ chlorite
$C l {O}_{3}^{-}$ chlorate
$C l {O}_{4}^{-}$ (hy)perchlorate
But you see the -ite/-ate rule still stands, just needed some extension.