A balloon is filled with 14 L of gas at 302 K. What is its temperature in Kelvin when the volume expands to 20 L, assuming pressure remains constant?
The thing to remember about volume and temperature is that they have a direct relationship when pressure and number of moles of gas remain constant.
This relationship is known as Charles' Law and states that when those conditions are met, increasing the temperature of the gas will result in an increase in volume.
Similarly, decreasing the temperature of the gas will result in a decrease in volume.
Mathematically, this is expressed as
#color(blue)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)V_1/T_1 = V_2/T_2color(white)(a/a)|)))" "#, where
In your case, the volume expanded from an initial value of
Rearrange the above equation to solve for
#V_1/T_1 = V_2/T_2 implies T_2 = V_2/V_1 * T_1#
Plug in your values to find
#T_2 = (20 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L"))))/(14color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L")))) * "302 K" = "431.43 K"#
I'll leave the answer rounded to two sig figs, but keep in mind that you only have one sig fig for the final volume of the gas
#T_2 = color(green)(|bar(ul(color(white)(a/a)color(black)("430 K")color(white)(a/a)|)))#