A cylindrical can is to be made to hold 1000cm^3 of oil. How do you find the dimensions that will minimize the cost of metal to manufacture the can?

1 Answer
Jun 29, 2016

Answer:

Height = 10.84 cm, radius of the base = 5.42 cm and material for the surface =37 square cm, nearly

Explanation:

Let height = h and radius of the base = r.

Then, volume #V=pi r^2h=1000# cc

and surface area of the can

#S=2pir^2+2pirh#

Now, eliminating h, #S=S(r)=2pi(r^2+1000/(pi r^2))#

#S'=2pi(2r-1000/(pir^3))=0#, when

#r=(1000/(2pi))^(1/3)=5.42# cm, nearly.

Correspondingly, h= 10.84 cm, nearly

There is no maximum for S. Also,

#S''=2pi(2+3000/(pir^4))>0#..

For this r= 5.42 cm, S = 37.1 #cm^2#