A driver of a car traveling at 15.0 m/s applies the brakes, causing a uniform acceleration of -2.0 m/s^2. How long does it take the car to accelerate to a final speed of 10.0 m/s? How far has the car moved during the braking period?

1 Answer
Jul 20, 2015

Time needed: 2.5 s
Distance covered: 31.3 m


I'll start with the distance covered while decelerating. Since you know that the initial speed of the car is 15.0 m/s, and that its final speed must by 10.0 m/s, you can use the known acceleration to determine the distance covered by

#v_f^2 = v_i^2 - 2 * a * d#

Isolate #d# on one side of the equation and solve by plugging your values

#d = (v_i^2 - v_f^2)/(2a)#

#d = ((15.0""^2 - 10.0""^2)"m"^cancel(2)cancel("s"^(-2)))/(2 * 2.0 cancel("m") cancel("s"^(-2))#

#d = color(green)("31.3 m")#

To get the time needed to reach this speed, i.e. 10.0 m/s, you can use the following equation

#v_f = v_i - a * t#, which will get you

#t = (v_i - v_f)/a#

#t = ((15.0 - 10.0)cancel("m")/cancel("s"))/(2.0cancel("m")/"s"^cancel(2)) = color(green)("2.5 s")#

SIDE NOTE I left the value I got for the distance rounded to three sig figs.