A sample of nitrogen gas is collected over water at a temperature of 23.0°C. What is the pressure of nitrogen gas if atmospheric pressure is 785 mm Hg?

1 Answer
Aug 2, 2016

Answer:

The saturated vapour pressure of water at #23# #""^@C# is 21.1 mm Hg.

Explanation:

Gas collected over water must always account for the saturated vapour pressure. I have included a link to a Table, but in an exam these data would be supplied.

Thus #"atmospheric pressure"# #=# #P_"SVP" + P_"dinitrogen"#

#P_"dinitrogen"=(785-21.1)*mm*Hg# #=# #763.8*mm*Hg#.

Note that when a gas is collecgted over water, we must always include #P_"SVP"#.