# An object has a mass of 2 kg. The object's kinetic energy uniformly changes from 16 KJ to 96 KJ over t in [0, 4 s]. What is the average speed of the object?

Apr 28, 2017

#### Answer:

The average speed is $= 231 m {s}^{-} 1$

#### Explanation:

The kinetic energy is

$K E = \frac{1}{2} m {v}^{2}$

mass is $= 2 k g$

The initial velocity is $= {u}_{1}$

$\frac{1}{2} m {u}_{1}^{2} = 16000 J$

The final velocity is $= {u}_{2}$

$\frac{1}{2} m {u}_{2}^{2} = 96000 J$

Therefore,

${u}_{1}^{2} = \frac{2}{2} \cdot 16000 = 16000 {m}^{2} {s}^{-} 2$

and,

${u}_{2}^{2} = \frac{2}{2} \cdot 96000 = 96000 {m}^{2} {s}^{-} 2$

The graph of ${v}^{2} = f \left(t\right)$ is a straight line

The points are $\left(0 , 16000\right)$ and $\left(4 , 96000\right)$

The equation of the line is

${v}^{2} - 16000 = \frac{96000 - 16000}{4} t$

${v}^{2} = 20000 t + 16000$

So,

v=sqrt((20000t+16000)

We need to calculate the average value of $v$ over $t \in \left[0 , 4\right]$

$\left(4 - 0\right) \overline{v} = {\int}_{0}^{4} \sqrt{\left(20000 t + 16000\right)} \mathrm{dt}$

4 barv=[((20000t+16000)^(3/2)/(3/2*20000)]_0^4

$= \left({\left(20000 \cdot 4 + 16000\right)}^{\frac{3}{2}} / \left(30000\right)\right) - \left({\left(20000 \cdot 0 + 16000\right)}^{\frac{3}{2}} / \left(30000\right)\right)$

$= {96000}^{\frac{3}{2}} / 30000 - {16000}^{\frac{3}{2}} / 30000$

$= 924$

So,

$\overline{v} = \frac{924}{4} = 231 m {s}^{-} 1$